It is the thirteenth biggest province of India, with a region of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-biggest territory of India by the populace, it is bordering with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal toward the north, the northern piece of West Bengal toward the east, with Jharkhand toward the south. The Bihar plain is part of the waterway Ganges which streams from west to east. Bihar is an amalgamation of three primary unmistakable locales, these are Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.
By 2004, 14 years after Lalu Prasad Yadav's triumph, The Economist magazine said that "Bihar had turned into an apothegm for the most noticeably bad of India, of across the board and unpreventable neediness, of degenerate legislators undefined from mafia-wears they disparage, standing ridden social request that has held the most exceedingly bad medieval cruelties".In 2005, the World Bank trusted that issues looked by the state were "tremendous" in view of "determined destitution, complex social stratification, unsuitable foundation and powerless governance".Currently, there are two principle political arrangements: the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which includes Bharatiya Janata Party, Lok Janashakti Party, Rashtriya Lok Samta Party, Hindustani Awam Morcha and JD(U) (Joined as of late in the wake of breaking the Grand Alliance with RJD and INC), Second is cooperation amongst RJD and Indian National Congress. There are numerous other political developments. The Communist Party of India had a solid nearness in Bihar at one time, yet is debilitated at this point. The CPM and Forward Bloc have a minor nearness, alongside the other extraordinary Left.
As opposed to earlier governments, which underscored divisions of rank and religion, Nitish Kumar's declaration depended on monetary advancement, controls on wrongdoing and defilement and more noteworthy social balance for all areas of society. Since 2010, the administration has reallocated the properties of degenerate authorities and redeployed them as schools structures. At the same time, they acquainted Bihar Special Court Act with check wrongdoing. It has likewise administered for a two-hour break on Fridays, including lunch, to empower Muslim workers to implore and subsequently cut down on post-lunch non-attendance by them. The legislature has disallowed the deal and utilization of liquor in the state since March 2016; this boycott has been connected to a drop in tourism to Bihar.
The protected leader of the legislature of Bihar is the representative, who is delegated by the President of India. The genuine official power rests with the central pastor and the bureau. The political party or the coalition of political gatherings having a lion's share in the Legislative Assembly shapes the legislature.
The leader of the administration of the state is the central secretary. Under this position, is a chain of the importance of authorities drawn from the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and distinctive wings of the State Civil Services. The legal is going to the Chief Justice. Bihar has a High Court which has been working since 1916. All the branches of the legislature are situated in the state capital, Patna.
The state is separated into nine divisions and 38 locales, for authoritative purposes. Bihar has 12 Municipal Corporations, 49 Nagar Parishads, and 80 Nagar Panchayats.