Is a state in northern India. Shaping piece of the bigger Punjab area, the state is flanked by the Indian conditions of Jammu and Kashmir toward the north, Himachal Pradesh toward the east, Haryana toward the south and southeast, Rajasthan toward the southwest, and the Pakistan region of Punjab toward the west. The state covers a zone of 50,362 square kilometers or 1.53 percent of the aggregate land zone of India. It is the twentieth biggest Indian state by zone. With 27,704,236 occupants at the 2011 registration, Punjab is the sixteenth biggest state by the populace, including 22 locales. Punjabi, is the most generally talked and official dialect of the state. The principal ethnic gathering is the Punjabis, with Punjabi Sikhs (57.7 percent) shaping the statistic lion's share trailed by Hindus (38.5 percent). The state capital is situated in Chandigarh, a Union Territory and furthermore the capital of the neighboring province of Haryana. The five streams are Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, and Jhelum.
Punjab is administered through a parliamentary arrangement of agent popular government. Each of the conditions of India has a parliamentary arrangement of government, with a stylized state Governor, named by the President of India on the counsel of the local government. The head of government is an in a roundabout way chose Chief Minister who is vested with the greater part of the official forces. The term length of the administration is five years. The state council, the Vidhan Sabha, is the unicameral Punjab Legislative Assembly, with 117 individuals chose from single-situate bodies electorate. The ebb and flow Government was chosen in the 2017 Assembly decisions as Congress won 77 out of 117 Assembly seats and Amarinder Singh is the momentum, Chief Minister. The province of Punjab is separated into five regulatory divisions and twenty-two regions.
The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh, which likewise fills in as the capital of Haryana and is in this way controlled independently as a Union Territory of India. The legal branch of the state government is given by the Punjab and Haryana High Court in Chandigarh.
The principal players in the governmental issues of the state are the Indian National Congress and the Shiromani Akali Dal (with organization together Bharatiya Janata Party). The present government is going to Amarinder Singh. President's lead has been forced in Punjab 8 times up until this point, since 1950, for various reasons. As far as without a doubt the quantifier of days, Punjab was under President's lead for 3510 days, which is around 10 years. Quite a bit of this was in the 80s amid the stature of militancy in Punjab. Punjab was under President's manage for 5 nonstop years from 1987 to 1992.